What Vitamins Do Heavy Drinkers Need?

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What Vitamins Do Heavy Drinkers Need?

Heavy drinkers often need vitamin B-l (thiamin), vitamin B-3 (niacin) and similar complex vitamin Bs  and folacin (folic acid), along with zinc and magnesium.

Alcohol is likely to affect the proper absorption of essential nutrients, especially the B12 vitamin that reduces even slight or mild alcohol use.

Specific vitamins are necessary to repair and build the cells needed for proper bodily functions.

Also, there are several treatment options for alcoholism, but choosing the right one can help increase your success rate in recovering from nutrient deficiency due to alcohol abuse.

What are the Effects of Alcohol on the Body?

Consuming too much alcohol is connected to elevated blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, trouble pumping blood throughout the body, blood clots, stroke, cardiomyopathy (sagging, stretched heart muscle), or heart attack. Excessive alcohol use, both directly and through malnutrition, can also lead to anemia.

Drinking more alcohol on one occasion or over time can have a solemn effect on your wellbeing.

Experts provide nutrition suggestions for those who drink alcohol in moderation or too much, today or at one time.

Alcohol metabolism procedure needs nutrients. As your liver reduces its supply of these essential nutrients, your bloodstream is called upon to stock up the supply.

Thus, your body cells are rundown of crucial nutrients and suffer the normal functions of the body.

As a result, once you drink alcohol daily and try to stop, you might experience signs that include insomnia, anxiety, shakiness, dizziness, tremors, and depression.

Also, you might experience poor memory and impaired cognitive thinking.

What Vitamins are Lacking in Alcoholics?

Chronic alcoholic patients are frequently deficient in one or more vitamins. The deficiencies commonly involve folate, vitamin B6, thiamine, and vitamin A. Although inadequate dietary intake is a significant cause of the vitamin deficiency, other possible mechanisms might also be involved.

Here are some of the vitamins that are lacking in binge drinkers:

B Vitamins and Vitamin C

Binge drinking or alcoholism is a result of a lack of a high amount of B vitamins.

Alcoholics lacked various kinds of B vitamins such as folate, thiamin, B-12, and B-6 as toxic alcohol affects your mucosal lining of the stomach and the small intestine, which interferes with the proper and regular absorption.

The traditional western health treatment of Wernicke's encephalopathy, a case of delirium and acute confusion sometimes seen in binger drinkers or heavy alcohol abuse, is intravenous management of thiamin followed by oral supplementation of thiamin 500mg a day.

Vitamin C and some B-vitamins might reduce craving, improve alcohol clearance from your blood as well as lessen the harshness of hangovers.

Animal studies show that low levels of serum thiamin are related to increasing the craving for alcohol.

There’s proof that niacin in the type of nicotinamide dosed at 1.25 grams consumed with a meal before drinking might keep the liver from alcohol acute toxic impact in people with relapsed or not capable of abstaining.

Niacin in the type of nicotinic acid might lessen the threat of alcoholism by hindering alcohol- condenses with dopamine.

Anti-Oxidant Vitamins

For those who cannot end their craving for alcohol, consuming antioxidant vitamins before drinking alcohol might lessen or avoid hangover symptoms by neutralizing alcohol metabolites, which cause oxidative damage to your brain and body.

Small open research shows that enrolled thirteen healthy males suggest that consuming Vitamin C before drinking alcohol might raise the rate at which alcohol is cleared from the blood.

Two grams of Vitamin C at least one hour before drinking alcohol increase the rate at which alcohol is eliminated from the blood and might lessen acute toxic effects on the liver.

This implication of findings is restricted by the study's small size and the lack of blinding and a control group.

Zinc and Magnesium

Supplementation of zinc and magnesium might enhance neuropsychological deficits due to binge drinking.

Supplementation of magnesium 500mg to 1500mg a day might improve cognitive deficits related to chronic alcohol abuse through enhancing cerebral flow that is often reduced in chronic alcoholics.

Lacks of copper, zinc, iron, and manganese are common in binge drinkers and worsen with constant heavy application.

The dispersed nerve cell damage, which is often related to too much alcohol drinking, is perhaps caused by the low level of serum Zinc that encouraged the improved formation of harming free radicals.

Folic Acid

Alcohol has a complex effect on your wellbeing; it depends on the drinking pattern, level of ethanol taken, and the sex or age of the consumers.

But, on the other hand, it is instituted that severe exposures to alcohol act firstly by generate oxidative damage.

This leads to protein, lipid as well as DN oxidation, resulting in cell damage.

The pro-oxidative outcome is the hepatic alcohol metabolism, which produces reactive oxygen species, and to the first and second malnutrition produced, affecting the intake of exogenous antioxidants.

Lack of folic acid is a significant shortage in these people due to lessened dietary folate consumption and intestinal malabsorption, lessened liver uptake, and the storage and improves excretion of urine folate.

Therefore, this essential nutrient has been utilized as an effective therapeutic supplement in severe alcohol patients with diverse biological functions.

In addition, this therapeutic technique leads to reduce in the oxidative profile of the patient.

Many current studies have revealed the mechanism by which folic acid has a strong antioxidant effect.

This lessens the doings of the NADPH enzyme that discharges superoxide anion and generates an augment in the production of ROS in your liver and kidney.

In addition, it works together with the endothelial enzyme nitric oxide synthase reducing the making of the pro-oxidant peroxynitrite.

However, despite an augment in NADPH activity and a reduction in the levels of GSH being described after taking alcohol, there's no proof of these antioxidant doings of folic acid in alcohol drinking subjects supplement with this.

Alcohol stays the most extensively utilized intoxicant drug not only for adults but teenagers as well.

Yet, despite the fact, irregular drinking of alcohol is decreasing to a greater extent, and it is considered one of the most popular patterns of consumption.

What is more, during adolescence, drinking too much alcohol or binge drinking is the outline of alcohol consumption, which is perhaps the greatest issue from a public health perspective.

The Significance of Good Nutrition for Binge Drinker

As a whole, good or proper nutrition plays a vital role in both emotional and physical wellbeing.

Here are some important recommendations to lessen signs or symptoms that go with the absence of daily consumption of alcohol and refill and stock up depleted essential nutrients.

Diet Recommendations

It would help if you ate healthily:

  • A good way of carrying this out is by following the food guide pyramid suggestions. This guide has a high percentage of veggies and fruits with a lower percentage of white meat and dairy and a small proportion of processed foods and red meats.
  • You also need to avoid consuming foods that have white flour and refined sugars.
  • Eat an extensive array of nutrient-dense foods - you have to stop consuming junk food.
  • Drink enough amount of water daily. Drink eight glasses of water a day as prescribed by health experts. Water washes out toxins from the body and keeps it working and functioning correctly. You might need less, and it depends on how healthy you are, do you often exercise, and many other factors.
  • Try to consume at least three healthy meals a day, even when you have a poor appetite. Smaller portions are considered good:
  • Keep away from drinking caffeine.
  • Keep away from smoking or any sources of nicotine.
  • Nutrient Notes to Follow

    You need to include 500mg niacin, 1500mg calcium, 150mg magnesium, and 250mg Vitamin C from dietary sources daily.

    A good mineral or multivitamin supplement is also recommended.

    Try consuming omega-three fatty acids as it can help a lot in reducing the symptoms.

    It would be best if you also tried to include 3-4 oz of fish 2 to 4 times a week or putting in flaxseeds to your daily meal. Both are good sources of omega-three fatty acids.

    Another remarkable way of getting these essential nutrients is breakfast cereals which are abundant in flaxseed. Also, you can put in flaxseed juices and smoothies.

    Among the fish with the highest content of omega-three fatty acid are sardines, pacific herring, Atlantic herring, salmon, Atlantic halibut, coho, lake trout, pink, and king salmon, Atlantic mackerel, albacore tuna as well as bluefish.

    With a well-balanced diet and proper attention to nutrition guideline, a healthy mind and body are attainable.

    You can add a regular workout to this and good health that have positive feelings and energy-related can be yours.

    Conclusion

    A lot of research findings on Vitamin C, B-Vitamins, and other essential nutrients and supplements for reducing binge drinking, mitigating toxic effects of alcohol on your brain and body, and controlling craving came from little research done a couple of decades ago.

    No massive placebo-controlled studies have replicated such. Despite the lack of proof for the mentioned vitamins and supplements, choose Vitamin C and B vitamins.

    They have well-established general helpful effects at several levels of the brain and body.

    They don't have related risks and might mitigate the toxic impacts of alcohol mistreatment in most instances.

    If you are struggling with a binge drinking issue must seek care from a health expert. Abbeycare Scotland and Abbeycare Gloucester are here to help you.

    On the other hand, binge or heavy drinkers who are not capable of stopping alcohol consumption or mild drinking behaviour might gain from supplementation with some B vitamins, Vitamin C, zinc, and magnesium.

    About the author

    Peter Szczepanski

    Pete has been on the GPhC register for 29 years. He holds a Clinical Diploma in Advanced Clinical Practice and he is a Clinical Lead in Alcohol and Substance Misuse for Abbeycare Gloucester and works as the Clinical Lead in Alcohol and Substance Use in Worcestershire. To read more about Pete visit his LinkedIn profile.