Rehabilitation programmes are the projects or systems of services designed for restoring someone to good health.
Sometimes they are intended to meet social needs and community settings while some programmes like vocational rehabilitation programme are intended through job training for gainful employment.
A rehabilitation programme means a programme authorised by the department that is open to provide expert assessment, identification, and resolution of alcohol abuse and employee drug in a timely and confidential service.
Containing a 2-year continuing care element is a must for any rehabilitation programme under this chapter.
Rehabilitation helps people achieve the highest level of independence, function, and quality of life and it helps in relapse prevention.
The facility doesn’t undo or reverse the damage caused by trauma or disease, but rather helps restore the individual to functioning, optimal health, and well-being.
Components of a rehabilitation programme
The rehabilitation medicines are designed to fulfil each person’s particular needs; thus, each programme is unique.
Some general treatment elements for rehabilitation programmes involve the following:
- Treating the basic disease and avoiding the complications
- Treating the disability and improving the function by offering gadgets as physical medicine
- Offering adaptive tools and changing the environment
- Teaching the participants and the family members and helping them adopt permanent lifestyle changes
- The outcome of rehabilitation depends on several variables including the following:
- The severity and nature of the injury, disorder, or disease
- The degree and type of any resulting disabilities and impairments
- Family support also impacts the recovery process
- The overall health (including mental health) of the patient
What areas are covered in rehabilitation programme?
The areas covered in rehabilitation programmes include:
- Physical care - For example, medication, nutritional needs, and skincare
- Self-care skills (ADLs – activities of daily living) - Grooming, feeding, dressing, bathing, sexual function, and toileting
- Psychological counselling -Recognizing the problems and their solutions with behavioural, thinking, and emotional issues
- Family support - Help with adopting healthy lifestyle changes, discharge planning, and financial concerns
- Vocational training - Work-related skills
- Pain management - Alternative methods of managing anxiety and pain with medications
- Cognitive skills - Concentration, memory, problem-solving, judgment, and organizational skills
- Socialization skills - Interacting with others within the community and with those at home
- Communication skills - Writing, speech, and other methods of communication
- Mobility skills - Transfers, walking, and self-propelling a wheelchair
- Respiratory care - Ventilator care, breathing exercises, and treatments to improve lung function
- Education - Family & patient education and training about the medical care, condition, and adaptive techniques
A detailed overview of 3 major types of a rehabilitation programme
The three major types of rehabilitation programmes are physical, occupational, and speech.
Each form of rehab serves as a distinctive purpose in assisting an individual reach full recovery, but all share the ultimate goal of helping the patient back to an active and healthy lifestyle.
A rehabilitation programme can be used to cope with a wide range of medical conditions or injuries.
Common conditions treated involve musculoskeletal and orthopaedic injuries such as tears/strains/sprains or post-surgical rehab, neurological injuries such as spinal cord injury, brain injury or stroke, and multi-trauma injuries because of accidents.
Rehabs also treat less-common conditions like degenerative diseases, genetic disorders, and other specialized conditions.
The goal of rehabilitation programmes varies from person to person.
Every patient is asked for their goals and then a personalized plan is offered which may include several types of therapies such as:
speech, occupational, physical, recreational or music and may involve different therapies like manual therapy, therapeutic exercise, modalities to manage the pain or neurological re-education, to name a few of the several possible treatment strategies.
Inpatient & outpatient rehabilitation treatment programmes
We already know that inpatient rehab refers to therapy or treatment you get in a clinic or hospital before being discharged.
Patients who suffer from a stroke or brain injury or go through an amputation, experience a spinal cord or orthopaedic injury, or get a transplant may need inpatient therapy to recover to a stage where they can safely go back to their community.
On the other hand, outpatient therapy serves people who don’t want to be admitted to a clinic or hospital.
Outpatient therapy centres provide a mix of services from an occupational therapist, physical therapist, psychologist, and speech pathologist.
Outpatient rehab centres serve people with a wide range of conditions like neck and back pain, neurological disorders, cancer, psychological disorders, speech problems, pre, and post-nasal problems, and other illnesses.
This therapy is provided by occupational therapists to help people who need specialized assistance to participate in everyday “occupations” or activities.
Occupation doesn’t just refer to your job or work, but can also stand for recreational tasks, everyday activities, and self-care practices.
The target of occupational therapy is to help people in the things they want and need to do to live a satisfying and independent lifestyle.
Occupational therapists assist by making modifications to the things that block a person’s skill to complete tasks like dressing, eating, completing educational tasks and assignments, and brushing one’s teeth.
Changes may involve changing the way the task is set about and changing the environment in which the task is nailed or assisting a person to develop skills mandatory to complete tasks.
Who should join occupational therapy?
Here is a detailed list of people who should join occupational therapy:
- Occupational therapy may be the most necessary for people of all ages. It can be fruitful from new born to seniors. There are unlimited ways in which occupational therapy may assist these individuals, like:
- Children with physical disabilities may require a therapist to help them grow and regain independence the coordination required to make for their bread and butter, improve skills or use a computer.
- Adults with anxiety may need suggestions from a therapist to pursue the daily activities gradually and in a way that enhances the possibility of success.
- A person who has lost his ability to hold a pen or fork because of an injury may work with a therapist to retrieve strength and make movements so that they can feed themselves without any help.
- People with physical limitations may require help from a therapist to participate in activities they adore in a new and modified way.
- A person who has suffered from a traumatic brain injury and has lost cognitive function may need a therapist to help them with tasks like submitting college applications or applying to jobs.
- Corporate professionals may work with a therapist to build an optimal work/life balance created to minimize stress and maximize health and change their work environment based on ergonomic principles.
Physical therapy offers treatment for those who have trouble or pain in moving, functioning, or living normally with any disability.
Physical therapy is usually used to improve movement, relieve pain, provide rehabilitation after an injury, surgery, or stroke, assist in recovery after sports-related injuries or giving birth, teach people how to use machines and devices like canes and walkers, manage chronic pain and illnesses like arthritis or heart disease and more.
If physical therapy is suggested by a physical therapist or a doctor, your mobility, heartbeat, balance, and posture will be assessed, and your physical therapist will see how well you can climb or walk.
From there, you’ll get a plan from your therapist to ease symptoms and help you regain mobility, wellness, or functionality.
Common therapies involve:
- Heat or cold therapy, massage, or ultrasound to relieve spasms or muscle pain
- Stretches and special exercises designed to improve mobility, alleviate pain, or regain strength
- Exercises and rehab to help you learn how can you use an artificial limb
- Gait and balance retraining
- Practicing with devices and gadgets that help in balance or movement, such as crutches, canes, wheelchairs, or walkers
- Cardiovascular strengthening
- Pain management & joint functioning
- Splinting, casting, use of orthotics or burn care (splints or braces)
This rehab programme offers treatment for individuals who have speech problems. Speech therapy can assist treat a huge variety of medical problems including voice, communication, fluency, and swallowing.
For infants, speech therapy may help with conditions such as down syndrome, cleft palate, or cerebral palsy that cause difficulties with communicating, swallowing, or drinking.
Children with speech problems like a lisp or stammering can take advantage of communication drills under the instructions of a doctor or therapies.
Adults with conditions like head or neck cancer, stroke, learning difficulties, dementia, or Parkinson’s disease can also find the help from a therapist beneficial.
The purpose of speech therapy is to merge the mechanics' usage with the use of language and with the speech. The aim is to assist the patients to communicate in a more functional and useful way.
Common manoeuvres used by the speech therapists for successful recovery involve:
language interventions (practices to improve communication skills), articulation therapy (describing how to move the tongue to produce sounds), swallowing and feeding therapy (lip, tongue, and jaw drills designed for mouth and throat muscles strengthening.
Why is rehabilitation important?
Rehabilitation is extremely important to help you out to get hang of your abilities once again and regain independence. The specific goal for rehab is different for every person.
The ideal recovery depends on the causes of the clinical problem, whether the cause is temporary or permanent, which abilities a person loses.
- A person who has mobility disorder may need rehabilitation to take part in everyday life activities like bathing or dressing without help.
- An active person who has experienced a heart attack may join cardiac rehabilitation to get back to performing different forms of workout and attain and better quality of life
- Somebody with a lung disease may enter pulmonary rehabilitation to be able to breathe better with no drills and no medicine
What are the benefits of rehabilitation?
Rehabilitation can lessen the impact of a massive range of health conditions including chronic medical/mental health problems that affect your wellbeing including injuries, illnesses, or diseases.
It can also complement entire health interventions like surgical or medical intervention, helping to achieve the best possible outcome.
For example, rehab can help prevent complications, reduce the stress associated with health conditions such as a fracture, stroke, or spinal cord injury.
Some more physical benefits are:
- Your muscles are strengthened so you are less at risk of accidents or falls
- Improves endurance and balance
- Reduces the intensity and frequency of muscle spasm
- Heals the soft tissue injuries and lesions
- Improves your self-confidence and your ability to deal psychologically with your illness
What do rehabilitation programmes do?
In a rehabilitation programme you have a group/ a team of health care providers who help you and work with you to figure out your goals, needs, mental health and treatment plan.
The forms of treatments that may be in the treatment plan involve
- Nutritional counselling
- Mental health counselling
- Assistive gadgets and devices are products and equipment that helps you to function and move
- Art or music therapy and many more therapies mentioned above.
Learn about Abbeycare's alcohol rehabilitation treatment here.
What is the purpose of rehabilitation?
The purpose of rehabilitation is to return a person back to a healthy, active, normal life whether it is following surgery, illness, or a particular disorder.
Rehabilitation programmes and services are as distinctive as a persons’ individual needs and the ailment he/she is suffering from.
There can be several causes and conditions that are intervened by different rehabilitation programmes and therapies using physical medicine, medical and clinical help.
The purpose is to make a person achieve confidence and survive in this competitive world with grace.
Lastly, rehabilitation programmes are designed to break the cycle of re-offending by recognizing and working with the people who are most likely to relapse/ re-join the unproductive/harmful activities.
A rehabilitation programme helps to reduce lengthy hospital stays, avoid expensive hospitalisation, and prevent re-admissions.
It also enables people to take part in the study and gainful employment to minimize the need for caregivers or financial support and stay independent at home.